Bacalhau is the undeniable Portuguese staple food. It literally refers to the cod fish species but always relates to its cured variety. Salted cod is loved all over the world (even though it is eaten with some suspicion by certain foreigners…). The history of bacalhau is parallel to the history of Portugal. In 1353 Portuguese fishermen were, by agreement fishing cod in English waters, shortly later, during the discoveries, Portuguese navigators took salted cod on their journeys. A practical way of preserving fresh fish, this type of cure gave way to a unique flavour and texture used in a variety of dishes; some say one different recipe for each day of the year but we all know bacalhau can be cooked in 1001 ways (even though we don’t claim that characters in Arabian Nights ate it every day…!).